District Profile

General Census

Item Unit Detail
Total Geographical Area Sq. Kms. 8030
Total Block Nos. 09
Total Tehsil Nos. 09
POPULATION
Male In Thousand 183.75
Female " 186.61
Total " 370.36
Rural " 319.66
Urban " 50.70
S.C. " 67.54
S.T. " 10.48
LITERACY
Male In Thousand 138.93
Female " 98.42
Total " 237.35
Tehsil Nos. 06
Sub - Tehsil Nos. 01
Blocks Nos. 09
Gram Sabha Nos. 601
VILLAGES
Habitats Nos. 1154
Inhabitants Nos. 78
Forest Villages Nos. 12
Total Villages Nos. 1244
Nagar Palika Nos. 0
Nagar Nigam Nos. 02
Nagar Panchayat Nos. 04
Police Stations Nos. 07
Bus Station/Bus Stop Nos. 239
Railways Stations Nos. 0
Post Office Nos. 266
Telegraph Office Nos. 03
Telephone Connections Nos. 14557
BANK
Nationalized Banks Branches Nos. 28
Other Bank Nos. 02
Rural Bank Branches Nos. 21
Co - Operative Bank Nos. 16
Bhumi Vikas Bank Nos. 0
FAIR PRICE SHOP
Rural Nos. 716
Urban Nos. 32
EDUCATION
Junior Basic School Nos. 1133
Senior Basic School Nos. 322
Senior Secondary School Nos. 188
Degree / Post Graduate College Nos. 06
University Nos. 0
I.T.I. Nos. 8
Polytechnic Nos. 1
HEALTH
Allopathic Nos. 27
Ayurvedic Nos. 59
Homeopathic Nos. 06
Yunani Nos. 0
Primary Health Centre Nos. 11
Family & Child Welfare Centre Nos. 07
Family & Child Welfare Sub Centre Nos. 104

Agricultural and Allied Census

Crop Area (ha.) Production (Metric Ton) Average Production (q/ha)
Potato 2311 23803 103.00
Paddy 11601 17418 15.01
Wheat 14192 18405 12.97
Barley 1571 241 14.26
Maize 215 209 9.72
Mandua 7720 11797 15.28
Jhingora 2515 3576 14.22
Ramdana 2357 667 2.83
Urd 441 369 8.36
Gahat 325 237 7.27
Arhar 187 147 7.84
Rajma 873 1048 12.00
Lentil 36 13 3.50
Bhatt 405 306 7.56
Other Pulses 30 24 8.10
Till 44 8 1.80
Soybean 336 278 8.26
Veg pea 113 45 4.00
Toria 459 230 5.00
Onion 25 150 60.00
Total Cereal Crops 40858 54622 13.37
Total Pulses 2410 2189 9.08
Total Oilseed 839 513 6.15

Agro - Climatic Zones

S.N. Agro - Climatic Zone Characteristics
1 Sub Tropical (1000 -1700 m.amsl) Rainfed & irrigated both types of farming situation is available. Sandy loam soils & Humus soils is present.
2 Temperate (>1700 m.amsl) Rainfed & irrigated both types of farming situation is available. Sandy loam soils & Humus soils is present.

Agro - Ecosystems

S.N. Agro Ecological Situation Characteristics
1 Lower Hills / Valley (>1000 m.amsl) Rainfed and irrigated farming situation was found. Wheat-paddy rotation is frequently used by farmers. In rainfed condition Soybean, Mandua, Jhangora and directed seeded paddy are also grown. Mango and Malta were produced by the farmers. In vegetables Cabbage, Capsicum, Radish, French bean, Tomato, Potato, Brinjal, Summer squash & Chilli are grown.
2 Mid hills (1000-1700 m.amsl) Majority of rainfed and somewhere irrigated farming situation was found. In irrigated area wheat-paddy rotation is frequently used by farmers. However, Paddy-wheat-soybean / mandua-fallow rotation was adopted by the farmers. Pear, Apricot and Plum were grown. In vegetables Cabbage, Capsicum, Radish, French bean, Tomato, Potato, Brinjal, Summer squash & Chillis are grown.
3 High hills (1700-2200 m.amsl) Mostly Rainfed farming situation was found. Cultivation of Ramdana, Mandua, Jhangora and Wheat was prevalent. Potato and ramdana are main cash crops of this region. Vegetables are grown in kitchen garden only. In horticulture Apple, Almond and Walnut were grown.
4 Very high hills (>2200 m. amsl) Rainfed and alpine regions.
Mostly temperate fruits, Medicinal and aromatic plants and Alpine meadows are found.

Major production systems like rice based (rice-rice, rice-green gram, etc.), cotton based, etc.

The district Chamoli lies in the Central zone of the Himalayas representing many distinct ecological and geographical features. The mainstay of the population is horticulture, agriculture and animal husbandry. In high hills, farmers earn their livelihood from orchards of temperate fruits like apple, pear and peach etc. Out of total 6,43,957 hectare reported area of the district, 61.9% area is covered under forest and only 5.2% area is under cultivation. Further more, most of the cultivated area is under rainfed agriculture and only 5.3% of the net sown area is irrigated. Therefore, the farmers are forced to follow two year crop- rotation Ragi-Fallow-Rice-Wheat under rainfed condition. As a result, the cropping intensity of the district is only 152.4%. The most common crop rotations of the district are given below:


High Hills :

Mid Hills : Rainfed

Irrigated: One Year Rotation

Valleys: Irrigated


Major agriculture and allied enterprises

The major crops of the district are Rice, Wheat, Ragi, Madira, Barley, Toria/Mustard, Urd, Arhar, and Soybean etc. Cattle, buffaloes, goat and sheep are major livestock of the district. The major fruit crops are apple, citrus fruits, walnut, peach, pear, etc. Because of the poor resource base, traditional practices of farming and inadequate knowledge, the agricultural productivity is very low and so are in case of horticultural and animal husbandry interprises.


Priority Thrust Areas

S.N. Thrust area
1 To inculcate interest of rural youth in agriculture through vocational training in schools /colleges and visit of college going students on KVK farm.
2 Production of off-season vegetables.
3 Improving economic level of far-located villages/farmers by introducing European vegetable and cultivating low volume high value crops.
4 Increasing crop productivity by adopting improved production technology i.e. use of high yielding varieties, use of balance dose of fertilizers including compost and bio-fertilizer application, adopting timely and appropriate measures of plant protection, etc.
5 Increasing crop-productivity under rain-fed situations by using rainwater harvesting technology and other water conservation techniques.
6 Increasing livestock productivity through increasing green fodder availability and improving nutritional status.
7 To improve the poultry breed for survivability, bodyweight & egg production.
8 Empowerment of women through their training and participation in the income generating activities.